Stand with the AAPI Community to Combat Covid-19 Hate
By: Dr. Nancy B. Gutiérrez
COVID-19 is decimating our beautiful communities of color. Latinx communities, particularly in New York, are two times more likely to die than white New Yorkers. Black Americans make up one-third of those falling ill and dying, but only comprise 13% of the population. After New York and New Jersey, the Navajo Nation has the highest coronavirus infection rate in the U.S., a result of the health care inequities our Native American communities have faced for years.
And as with any pandemic, any crisis, fear is bringing out the worst in people. Our Asian American and Pacific Islander (AAPI) brothers and sisters are a target, blamed for bringing to the U.S. COVID-19, or as some leaders ignorantly and destructively call it, the “Chinese virus.” According to the Asian Pacific Policy and Planning Council, 1,500 acts of hate against AAPI across the country have been reported since early March, the majority of them against women. Cyberbullying against AAPI has increased by 900%.
In recent weeks, we have seen educator efforts take on AAPI hate at universities and high schools. Of course, disrupting bias is not just about changing individual behavior. It has to happen on a systems level to truly dismantle the inequities our biases create. At the NYC Leadership Academy, we guide education leaders through six equity leadership dispositions that we believe are essential for dismantling bias and inequities within and across systems. The first step is to reflect on our individual biases, where they come from and how those biases affect the way we lead and live. Leaders then must model anti-bias behavior for their staff and communities, to develop these skills in their team members and, ultimately, to create systems and structures that promote equity.
There is much work to be done within our education community. Research has shown that teachers often assume all AAPI students share similar experiences. Of course, we Latinx know all too well that being treated as one homogeneous culture can make us feel invisible and our unique heritage devalued. AAPI students also face stereotypes like the “forever foreigner” presumed to have poor language skills or the “model minority” assumed to be high-achieving, hardworking, quiet and non confrontational. These biases are a hit to students’ self-esteem, cause depression, and affect their academic and social lives. The “model minority” myth can lead teachers to assume AAPI students do not need academic, social, or emotional support.
These stereotypes and racial microaggressions affect AAPI teachers, too, leading to teacher turnover. It’s not surprising, then, that only two percent of teachers and 1.6% of principals in public elementary and secondary schools identify as Asian or Pacific Islander, compared to 6 percent of students. Each one of us must echarle ganas by speaking up and standing as co-conspirators. The AAPI community has been invisibly by our side many times before. One example close to my heart was in 1966 when Larry Itliong and Cesar Chavez brought Filipino and Mexican farm workers together to join forces to picket the Delano growers. Out of this union the United Farm Workers was born. We didn’t do that alone.
May is AAPI Heritage Month and in honor of this, I am writing to call you to action, to embody one of the Latinos for Education values: Bridge across Cultures. As educators, we can and must disrupt hate. We are in a unique position to arm our students, our colleagues, and ourselves with the tools to see the fear and ignorance rooted in this discrimination and the destruction it creates, and to feel empowered to unequivocally call it out. Teaching Tolerance offers simple yet powerful guidance for disrupting hate encapsulated in four words: Interrupt, Question, Educate, Echo. We must show our young people the power that exists in calling out hate when we hear it, in asking someone to explain and justify their racist comments and jokes.
While fear can bring out the worst in people, tragedy can and must bring out our best. Juntos somos más poderosos que solos. Con Ganas We Can.
About Dr. Nancy B. Gutiérrez
Dr. Nancy B. Gutiérrez is President & CEO of the NYC Leadership Academy, a nationally recognized nonprofit organization dedicated to supporting and developing school and school system leaders to dismantle inequities in schools and create the conditions necessary for all students to thrive. She proudly began her career as a teacher and award-wining principal in her home community of East San Jose, CA. Nancy went on to launch a program for executive leadership advancement for the NYC Department of Education that led to superintendent certification. Nancy holds an Ed.L.D. from Harvard Graduate School of Education. She teaches at Harvard, NYU, and Latinos for Education and serves on the board of Education Leaders of Color (EdLoC). She is a Fall 2019 Pahara-Aspen Education Fellow. City & State NY named Nancy one of the top 100 most influential leaders in education in New York in 2020.